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Charles A. Ounn 


BV 3380 .P7 1913 
Gunn, Charles A. 
The Presbyterian church an( 
the Filipino 






The Philippine Mission 

Manila: on the Island of Luzon; occupied 1899. 
Missionaries — Rev. James B. Rodgers, D.D., and Mrs. 
Rodgers, Rev. George W. Wright and Mrs. Wright, 
Miss Clyde Bartholomew, ReV. Wm. B. Cooke, ]Mr. 
Chas. A. (junn and Mrs. Gunn, Rev. J. H. Lamb 
and Mrs. Lamb, Miss Emma J. Hannan, ^liss Julia 
M. Hodge. 

Iloilo: on the Island of Panay; occupied 1900. 
Missionaries — J. Andrew Hall, M.D., and Mrs. Hall, 
Rev. Paul Doltz and Mrs. Doltz, Miss A. P. Klein. 

Dumaguete: on the Island of Negros; occupied 
1901. Missionaries — Rev. David S. Hibbard and 
Mrs. Hibbard, H. W. Langheim, M.D., and Mrs. 
Langheim, Mr. Charles A. Glunz and Mrs. Glunz, 
Mr. James P. Eskridge and Mrs. Eskridge, ^Nlr. Wm. 
T. Holmes and Mr. Carlos E. Smith. 

Cebu: on the Island of Cebu; occupied 1902. 
Missionaries — Rev. Fred Jansen and Mrs. Jansen, 
Rev. George W. Dunlap and j\Irs. Dunlap, and Rev. 
Wm. J. Smith. 

Laguna: p. O., Pagsanhan, on Laguna de Bay, 
Luzon; occupied 1903. Missionaries — Rev. Charles 
R. Hamilton and Mrs. Ilamilton. 

Leyte: p. O., Tacloban, on the Island of Leyte; 
occupied 1903. Missionaries — Rev. Charles E. Rath 
and Mrs. Rath. 

Alb ay: P. O., Legaspi, in the southeastern part of 
the island of Luzon; occupied 1903. Missionaries — 
Rev. Roy H. Brown and Mrs. Brown, Robert W. 
Carter, M.D., and Mrs. Carter. 

Tayabas: p. O., Lucena, SO miles southwest of 
Manila, on the Island of Luzon; occupied 1906. Mis^' 
sionaries— Rev. Charles N. Magill and Mrs. Magill 

Bohol: p. O. Tagbilaran, on the Island of Bohol; 
occupied 1909. Dr. James A. Graham and Mrs. 

Camarines: P. O., Nueva Caceres, on the Island 
of Luzon, between the Provinces of Tayabas and 
Albay; occupied 1910. Rev. Kenneth P. MacDonald 
and Mrs. MacDonald. 


jNIr. Charles A. Gunn 

There have been many changes since the 
Americans came, some good and some bad. 
Some of the good ones are readily apparent, 
even to the one-day tourist, and tend to add 
to the cosmopolitan interest of the capital 
city. It is literally the meeting of the East 
and West, the ancient and modern, to get on 
a trolley car made in Elizabeth, N. J., equip- 
ped with a Westinghouse motor, rolling over 
steel rails from Pittsburgh ; to ride past half- 
clad coolies with bamboo rods over their 
shoulders from which hang Standard Oil tins 
transf<:»rmed into water buckets ; to see in 
passing the take-your-time-for-winter's-never- 
coming carabao cart; to turn from the Luneta^ 
where you can look across the bay to the 
scene of Dewey's encounter with the Span- 
iards, into the 16th Century walled city with 
its narr<jw streets and old-world architecture; 
and then across the Bridge of Spain and down 
the busy Escolta with its kaleidoscopic mix- 
ture of peoples and costumes — and almost 
lack of costume. The newness of it all has 
passed but the fascination remains, as it must 
for anyone who comes not for an investment 
of money but an investment of life. 

But this is a time of change in the Philip- 
pines in other ways that must concern us 
more profoundly. The light has been turned 
on and the opportunities for secular education 
are being eagerly grasped by the Filipino 
youth. Twenty-one-year-old boys are glad to 
take positions as "house boys" for $2. .50 or 
$3.00 a month and board if they may be al- 
lowed to attend school in the fourth or fifth 
grade from 7 :30 to noon, while others work 
during the day to go to school in the evening. 

From the lowest grade up through High 
School, Normal School and "University are 
hundreds of thousands of children, acquiring 
an education exactly similar to that of our 
American boys and girls. They fully believe 
that knowledge is power and propose to have 
it. But just as in other countries, new ideas 
and changing beliefs are often accompanied 
by a tendency to discard beliefs. The public 
school being divorced from religious training 
places the responsibility for this directly upon 
the Church where it rightfully belongs, and 
unless we give the awakened minds of the 
young Filipinos something better than that 
which they have discarded we shall have sig- 
nally failed to dO' our duty by them. 

We Presbyterians have a part in this re- 
sponsibility. I should like to show in as few 
words as possible something of the growth of 
this branch of our .great foreign enterprise; 
its present equipment and cost of mainte- 
nance, both in men and property ; something 
of the value of the work and its future needs, 
as they appear to one who has only been on 
the field a year and eight months. 

By mutual agreement among the mission- 
aries of the ten societies (including the Y. M. 
C. A.) at work in the islands, we have the 
undivided responsibility for 125^ provinces on 
six of the principal islands, besides a share 
in the work of the city of Manila. Our con- 
stituency embraces Tagalogs, Bicols and three 
branches of Visayans,— a total population of 
three and a half million, or 43% of all the 
Filipinos. ^ 

The work started with the sending of Dr. 
and Mrs. Rodgers from Brazil in 1S99 and the 
first year's expense to the Board was $9,949. 
This year the number of missionaries is forty- 
six, with three more under appointment, 
the original station at Manila has become ten 
stations, and the appropriation, exclusive of 
new property, was $66,682, — an increase of 
seven and a half times in fourteen vears. And 

yet we, in common no donl)t with most other 
Missions, are asking for still larger grants 
in order to take advantage of the opportuni- 
ties that are visibly passing away. 

From the outset this has been a chief char- 
acteristic of the growth of the work, the op- 
portunities on every side exceeding the ability 
of the missionaries to take advantage of them. 
The story, if told in full, would read like 
a romance. Even the bald figures are fascina- 
ting when we remember that they represent 
life. Over 13,500 baptized church members 
where fourteen years ago there were none ; 
one self-supporting Chinese congregation and 
sixty-five Filipino congregations contributing 
in part to their own support; 155 Sunday 
Schools; about 150 public school students (ex- 
clusive of Ellinwood Seminary and Silliman 
Institute students) living each year in dormi- 
tories run under Christian influence; two 
dozen graduates* of Silliman Institute, the 
only school in the Islands where Bible study 
is a part of the regular curriculum and which 
now has an annual attendance of over 600 
students and growling rapidly ; fourteen native 
ministers and eighty-five evangelists, about 
twenty of whom have been trained in the 
Union Theological Seminary in Manila ; and 
one foreign missionary working among the 
Filipinos of the Hawaiian Islands. It has al- 
ready changed the political complexion of the 
province in which it is situated and a poli- 
tician recently remarked that "in ten years 
Silliman can name every office holder in Ori- 
ental Negros." 

I said the story of the growth of the work 
would read like a romance. Let me illustrate. 

A few months ago I stood with Mr. Jansen 
and two others on the beach at Campostelle, 

* The reason for the small number of graduates, 
representing only the last four classes, is that there 
is such a demand for Silliman students as teachers 
that it is hard to keep them in school until they 
have completed the college course. 

fifteen or twenty kilometers north of the city 
of Cebii. The moon had risen a short time 
before and as we stood under the cocoanut 
trees in the mixed twilight and moonlight 
of early evening, enjoying the sound of the 
miniature waves on the sand, Mr. Jansen told 
of a prayer meeting held on that very spot 
ten or twelve years before. Early in the 
mteeting he became aware of a suppressed 
emotion, a burden apparently weighing upon 
the hearts of the people, and asked the native 
evangelist at his side the meaning of it. He 
replied that some days' before some members 
of the congregation, relatives of persons pres- 
ent, had gone off in their bancas on a fishing- 
trip toward the island of Leyte and although 
they should have been back before then noth- 
ing had been heard of them and it was feared 
that they had been lost in a storm. 

Interrupting the regular course of the meet- 
ing, Mr. Jansen reminded them of the verse 
"Cast thy burden upon the Lord, and he will 
sustain thee'' ; he pointed out that the promise 
was meant for just such a time as this and 
urged them to let the Lord carry the burden 
for them. They did so and a new feeling of 
peace and power was evident in their pray- 
ers. Before the close of the meeting the 
bancas of the missing men were seen on the 
horizon and the service w'hich had begun in 
sorrow closed in thanksgiving to God for 
their deliverance. 

At this same town of Campostello the first 
Protestant chapel on the island of Cebu was 
dedicated, and that dedicatory service led to 
the pacification of a part of Cebu that till 
then had defied the power of the United 
States. The mountains of Cebu were infested 
with bands of pulajanes (outlaws) and their 
sympathizers, who had refused to recngnize 
the authority of our government and were a 
terror to all who had to pass through these 
regions. As Mr. Jansen opened his Bible at 
that service he found a note written bv a 

member of one of those bands and addressed 
to "the pastor," saying that some tracts and 
scripture portions had come into their posses- 
sion which had greath- interested them. They 
wished to know more ; would the pastor come 
and tell them more. He replied that he would 
but strongly adAised them to give themselves 
up to the authorities first, leaving the note 
where it could be found by the man who had 
brought the first one. 

The trip was arranged and guides conducted 
them over difficult mountain trails for hours 
until they came to the outlaws' camp. After 
telling them more of the Way in which they 
had become interested he explained that they 
could not enter acceptably the service of 
Jesus Christ and continue their present course 
of life, and again urged them to give them- 
selves up to the authorities and take the oath 
of allegiance. Over 400 of them agreed to do 
so if he would go with them and assure the 
authorities of their good faith. 

They were accepted by the authorities on 
condition that Mr. Jansen would take charge 
of them and be responsible for their good 
behavior. He organized them into four re- 
concentrado camps, each in charge of its own 
tiniente or head man, and these camps were 
the beginnings of the small Protestant vil- 
lages, scattered through the mountains of 
Cebu. During my recent stay on that island, 
I accompanied Mr. Jansen on a hiking trip 
to Paril, one of these mountain villages, 
and secured a picture of the congrega- 
tion which gathered for the Saturday night 
and Sunday services. Some of these people * 
had traveled on foot for eight or ten hours 
to get to the meetings, carrying their supplies 
on their heads and in some cases little babies, 
Filipino fashion, astride their hips. All of 
those shown in the picture are either former 
members of the pulajane bands or sympathiz- 
ers with them, a former lieutenant being the 
leading elder in the Paril congregation. 


Whole pages of stories might be written of 
similar experiences in other parts of the 
Islands, insurrectos becoming government 
supporters, old enemies becoming friends and 
co-workers, hatred of "Protestantes" and fear 
of the "Protestante" Bible changing to won- 
der at the new spirit of the converts ; that 
wonder changing to curiosity to see what 
there was in the Book to work such a trans- 
formation, and the curiosity in turn yielding 
to the gracious work of the Spirit through the 
printed page. My own mail is largely on 
financial matters but every now and then I 
find such a sentence as this in a letter, — • 
"we baptized eleven in Palangui and Dr. Car- 
ter had a great clinic" ; or, "I was in Kabana- 
ghan last week end ; baptized twenty." Only 
one more instance must be given of the many, 
tO' show the indirect evangelistic influence of 
the educational work. 

Eight or ten years ago, two brothers, Hen- 
rique and Restituto Malahay, went for a year 
or two to Silliman Institute and then, with- 
out having finished their course, returned to 
their homie in Guijulngan, not many kilo- 
meters away on the island of Negros. With- 
out direct aid from missionary or evangelist 
but inspired by their brief stay in the Insti- 
tute, they organized a Protestant congregation 
which has grown under their leadership to 
over 1,100 persons. The two brothers have 
recently been ordained to the ministry but 
during those years of growth in the Guijuln- 
gan congregation the only outside assistance 
rendered has been the occasional visit of mis- 
sionary or evangelist to baptize and receive 
new members into the Church fellowship. 

What of the equipment with which the 
Presbyterian Church is conducting its Philip- 
pine enterprise ?* 

On the island of Luzon we have five sta- 
tions, — Manila, Laguna, Tayabas, Albay and 

Note — See inside page of front cover. 

2 hJ 
> i 

< - 

:^ ° 

O O 

< 5i 

Camarines, — the first three being in the Taga- 
log district and the last two in the Bicol. In 
Laguna, Tayabas and Camarines, each cover- 
ing an entire province averaging nearly half 
the size of Connecticut and cared for by 
one missionary family, there is not a dollar's 
worth of land or buildings belonging to the 
Mission. Over in Laguna, the province made 
famous for tourists by its picturesque gorge 
and water-fall at Pagsanjan, Dr. Hamilton 
has not even sO' much as a dispensary. In 
Tayabas, the home of the Colorums, a small 
but strange sect who believe that the holy 
spots connected with the last week of Christ's 
life on earth are located right there on Mt. 
Christobal. Mr. and Mrs. Magill may itiner- 
ate through 2,400 square miles of most beau- 
tiful cocoanut country, with a parish of over 
200,000 people, but when they get back home it 
is to a rented house in which they have the 
nucleus of a dormitory, — for there are generally 
four or five school children living with them. 
In Camarines, a province of equal size and 
population, the MacDonalds' rented a house 
large enough to establish a full fledged dor- 
mitory in their own home, in which there 
are now twenty to twenty-five students. All 
of these stations should have land, residences, 
chapelsv and possibly hospitals later on if the 
work should prove advisable, both for the sake 
of greater efficiency in the work and also to 
give them greater permanency and influence 
in the eyes of a people who have been trained 
for hundreds of years to judge of the value 
of their religion, — in part at least, — by its 
visible manifestations. 

The Albav station covers the provinces of 
Albay and Sorsogon, about the size of Rhode 
Island and having a population of over 
350,000. The Mission owns a house at Le-. 
gaspi which is used at present by Dr. Carter 
as residence and dispensary, costing about 
$5,000, and a small chapel two miles away in 
the city of Albay which cost, with the ground 


on which it stands, $4(55. In addition an ap- 
propriation of $4,100 is available for a hos- 
pital (for which there is not yet any land) and 
an appropriation of about $650 for dormitory 
purposes, the latter work being carried on at 
present in a rented house. Until recently Mr. 
and Mrs. Brown were alone in this station, 
Dr. and Mrs. Carter having been transferred 
there a few months ago from Leyte. There is 
immediate need for more land, another resi- 
dence and the completion of the dormitory 
fund, the more so as land is increasingl\' hard 
to secure in Albay at satisfactory prices. 

Manila, the oldest of the ten stations, in ad- 
dition to its special work in Manila where we 
join with Methodists and United Brethren in 
conducting a Union Bible Seminary and where 
we also have a Girls' Bible Training School and 
dormitories for both sexes ; is responsible for 
the evangelistic work in Cavite and Batangas 
provinces, with a population of over 400,000. 
Excluding the Mission Treasurer, who resides 
in Manila but belongs to all the stations, there 
are three missionary families and three single 
women, besides the w'ife of the Treasurer who 
assists the women in the Girls' School as time 
will permit. 

In the Tondo district of Manila we have 
a good-sized frame church for Filipinos and 
in the Ermita district the Emerson IMemorial 
concrete chapel for the American congrega- 
tion, the latter being practically an indepen- 
dent work with only a sympathetic connection 
with the Mission. Dr. and Mrs. Rodgers, the 
pioneer missionaries of the Philippines, oc- 
cupy the only residence in Manila belonging 
to the Mission. Ellinwood Seminary and 
Ellinwood Girls' Bible Training School, to- 
gether with their respective dormitories, oc- 
cupy frame buildings, and there is sufficient 
land adjoining for a modest assortment of 
tennis and volley ball courts for the students. 
The buildings, which have served their pur- 
pose well, were limited by the amount of the 




original appropriations to wood construction 
and are now showing with increasing rapidity 
the effect of rot and tropical insects, requiring 
constant repair. Sooner or later they must 
be replaced by reinforced concrete, — the only 
satisfactory construction in this country of 
earthquakes and vegetable decay. 

Meanwhile the dormitories have been over- 
crowded and land has been purchased a block 
away for a new Girls' School, $17,000 of the 
necessary $20,000 being already appropriated 
toward the new concrete building. \\'hen this 
is erected the two existing buildings will be 
used by the Seminary and boys' dormitory. 
Exclusive of the unexpended appropriation 
above referred to and the Emerson Chapel, 
the total investment in Manila station for per- 
manent equipment is about $40,000. As rents 
are very high here we should have the land 
and cottages which now separate the ground 
of the Ellinwood Seminary and dormitory 
from the ground of the new Girls' School, 
thus bringing all the missionaries of this sta- 
tion into one compound and saving $1,600 rent 
annually. There should also be a progressive 
appropriation for changing, a wing at a time, 
the present decaying wooden buildings to 

Turning now to the Visayan stations of 
Leyte, Bohol, Cebu, Tloilo and Dumaguete, we 
find that each of the first three occupies all of a 
large island, while Iloilo and Dumaguete oc- 
cupy half of Panay and Negros respectively, 
the other halves being under the care of the 
Baptist Church. 

Leyte station has one missionary family 
and no property except a lot in Tacloban 
given by the missionary himself. An appro- 
priation of approximately $1,000 has recently 
been made to replace the chapel which was 
also given by 'Sir. Rath but destroyed by a 
typhoon several years ago. The total invest- 
ment, exclusive of the unspent appropriation, 
is about $,500. To properly carry on the work 


Leyte needs more land, a residence and a 
dormitory, in addition to the chapel already 
provided for. 

Bohol station, with one missionary family, 
has a new hospital costing nearly $4,000, a 
small chapel costing $500 (both of wood), 
and has a concrete residence under way, to 
cost $4,000, all in Tagbilaran, the provincial 
capital. Land is cheap in Bohol and that 
under the above buildings plus a tract a short 
distance down the shore only cost $200, in 
spite of the fact that it commands a view of 
one of the most beautiful little bays to be 
found anywhere. A dormitory would complete 
the present necessary equipment of this station. 

At Iloilo we share with the Baptists in the 
joint ownership of the Sabine Haines Memo- 
rial Hiospital property, the buildings being 
partly of wood and partly of concrete, the 
whole property representing a Presbyterian 
investment of about $21,000. The hospital is 
self-supporting and includes in its work a 
training school for nurses, the first of its kind 
in the Islands. Our force in Iloilo consists 
of two missionary families and one trained 
nurse, caring not only for the hospital work 
and extensive itineration over half the island 
but also dormitory work in Iloilo. This work 
could be more advantageously carried on if 
we had more land, a dormitory and two resi- 
dences for our missionaries. The hospital 
needs a union office and dispensary, nurses' 
home and laundry, part of which they can 
finance on the field. 

Cebu station bought some years ago a very 
desirable piece of property in what was then 
the outskirts of the city. It is now enioying 
the rare sensation of erecting five buildings 
in one year, — 'two residences, two dormitories 
and a church, — all of reinforced concrete. To be 
accurate a sixth should be added, for through 
the generosity of Bishop Fallows a $250 
shower bath and locker building is being 
built for the use of school boys not in the 


dormitoo'. The net cost of land and build- 
ings when complete will be $35,500. Cebu 
has waited long for this development and the 
missionaries are making the most of it now 
that it has come. The equipment is ample 
for present needs but the work is growing 
and additions to the "Sneed Dormitory for 
Boys" will be needed in the future. 

Last of all, far to the south on the coral 
sands of the Mindinao Sea, is Dumaguete 
station, almost synonymous in the minds of 
most people with Silliman Institute, although 
it conducts evangelistic work up and down 
the coast of Oriental Negros and even on the 
little island of Siquijor. The Institute is a 
monument to the late Dr. Horace B. Silliman, 
who gave most of the money for its buildings 
and equipment and an additional sum for 
endowment, the interest on which partially 
provides for the annual repairs and upkeep. 

Although it has more students than many 
of our American colleges, 330 of whom aie 
internos or dormitory students, Silliman is 
housed in a combination dormitory, assembly 
hall and classroom building two and one-half 
stories high, with a one-story dining room and 
kitchen annex ; a small one-story concrete 
laboratory of two rooms for the use of chem- 
istry, physics, zoology and botany classes ; and 
a two-story frame shop and annex. In addi- 
tion, a house belonging to ex-Governor Lorena, 
one of the Board of Trustees, has been 
rented to the Institute for dormitory and 
classroom purposes. Besides the buildings 
above mentioned in use by the Institute there 
are four frame residences for missionaries, 
a fifth in process of erection and a small 
frame hospital which ministers to all comers 
both in and out of the Institute. The land, 
including athletic field and school gardens, 
comprises about 22 acres, besides a small farm 
two kilometers distant, upon which an agri- 
cultural department will be established when 
there is money to equip and man it. 


Turning now to the human equipment which 
is all-important for a work of this kind we 
find first of all that Silliman covers the entire 
curriculum from third grade through High 
School and two years of college, conferring 
upon graduates the degree of A.B. The 
work is all based upon government standards 
and measured by those standards ranks sec- 
ond to none in the Islands. 

What should be the size of the faculty for 
carrying on the 110 daily recitations of such 
a school together with the attendant prepara- 
tion and administrative work? In public 
schools we should not consider eighteen teach- 
ers and one principal, giving entire time to 
the work, too many for such a task and in 
colleges the faculty would be much larger. In 
Silliman, including the wives of the mission- 
aries who have some other duties to perform, 
and the doctor who treats about 1,500 cases 
a month in addition to his teaching, there 
are eleven American and one Filipino teach- 
ers, with one more American under appoint- 
ment. In addition some help is given in the 
elementary grades by undergraduate work 

One of the missionaries who is no busier 
than the rest conducts eight recitations daily, 
superintends the Silliman printing press in- 
volving the proofreading of a million and a 
half pages annually, takes his turn at con- 
ducting Sunday and chapel services and 
serves as superintendent of the Sunday 
School. His spare hours are occupied in 
writing a new text-book. His work com- 
mences at 7 :45 in the morning and ends when 
it is necessary to go to bed at night, and that 
within ten degrees of the equator. And he 
likes his job ! 

Dumaguete's need for farm equipment has 
already been touched upon. If we add to this 
a new science building and dormitory to sup- 
plement the over-crowded buildings now in 
use we shall just be ready to consider the 



advance which to Dumagueteites seems unes- 
capable, and that is the estabHshment of a 
girls' dormitory and the admission of the 
boys' sisters on the same terms as the boys 
themselves enjoy. Already there are eight or 
ten girls from the town in the classes' and 
the demand from outside is urgent. The ex- 
pense of broadening Silliman into a co-edu- 
cational institution would be far less than 
the establishment, de novo, of a girls' school 
in the Visayas, while it would be in entire 
harmony with the public school system which 
is co-educational from the kindergarten 
through the University. 

I have said nothing of the fact that in the 
early days of the Mission $470 was invested 
in a tract of four or five acres in Baguio, the 
summer capital of the Philippines, 5,000 feet 
above sea level, and that we are now for the 
first time asking $1,250 to build a rest house 
where missionaries may build up exhausted 
vitality in the cooler air of the pine belt, as 
some might think that did not so directly 
concern the missionary work. 

Before concluding I must call attention to 
one feature which is perhaps peculiar to the 
Philippine Mission, — the dormitory work. It 
is the natural outgrowth of the application of 
the American public school system to the 
Islands. Every provincial capital has its High 
School and the graduates of the intermediate 
schools gather here for their advanced work. 
The opportunity to furnish a Christian home 
to the brightest of the oncoming generation — 
"the future leaders" — is too obvious to re- 
quire comment. Years ago Dr. Barrows, then 
Director of Education, said to one of our 
missionaries, "You people are missing a great 
opportunity in not providing more dormi- 
tories. The government is not in a position 
to do this work but would welcome it on 
the part of the Churches." More recently 
Vice-Governor Gilbert, the present Director 
of Education, told Dr. Rader of the Metho- 


dist Mission and Mr. Wright of the satisfac- 
tion which the government took in the work 
of the Methodist and Ellinwood (Presby- 
terian) dormitories on account of the high 
ranking of the students from those dormi- 
tories and urged the extension of the work. 
The government is now erecting a girls' dor- 
mitory, a three-story concrete building, for the 
Normal School girls in Manila, but nothing 
of the kind is planned for the boys. On 
the other hand, the value placed upon this 
evangelistic agency b}' others is shown by the 
fine building recently erected in Manila by the 
Episcopal Church, and the $90,000 Student 
Building now being erected by the Y. M. C. 
A. which will not only provide dormitories 
but also reading room, dining hall, gj'mnasium 
and swimming pool facilities for the students 
from other dormitories as well. A separate 
City building will provide dormitory and night 
school classes for local Filipinos in the busi- 
ness world, nearl}' half of the total cost of 
the two buildings being subscribed with en- 
thusiasm here in the Islands. 

If further testimony is needed as to the 
value of the work it may be had from the 
lips of Father ]\Ionaghan of the Catholic 
Church, who said in an address before the 
National Convention of the Knights of Colum- 
bus at Colorado Springs, August 7th, 1912, — 
after pleading for the establishment and sup- 
port of a student Chapel : — "A dormitory 
building is needed in Manila. To be effective 
and self-supporting it must accommodate five 
hundred students. When this is done the best 
of the students — the ones worth having — will 
come to us. Their influence in the schools and 
in their native towns will check the work of 
perversion that is now going on. Eventually 
we must have a chapel and dormitory in every 
provincial capital in the Islands ; but we are 
now talking of Manila alone. To erect such 
a building we must have at least $150,000, for 
the Y. M. C. A. are just now putting nearly 


$200,000 of American contributions into 
buildings for the same purpose." 

Are there some of my readers who think 
the request for $165,000 worth of additional 
equipment for the Philippine Mission an ex- 
travagant one ? The Y. M. C. A. is spending 
more than that on two buildings for Filipinos 
in the city of Manila alone. Are there any 
to whom $40,000 seems large for additional 
dormitory equipment ? 

I wish I could get the attention of every 
layman in the Presbyterian Church. "Gentle- 
men," I would say, "this is an important 
branch of your King's business. Its success 
depends not upoui material equipment but upon 
the work of the Spirit. Nevertheless the 
Spirit works through human agencies and 
material equipment and there is a close con- 
nection between good equipment and good 
dividends. From patriotic as well as religious 
viewpoint the work of the Presbyterian 
Church in the Philippines is worth while; it 
is zvcll zcortJi while; ves, gentlemen, IT IS 


Board of Foreign Missions 

of the 

Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A. 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York 

October, 1913 '- ■" 

Form 2025 





Syracuse, N. Y. 
Stockton, Col if. 



















BW8918 .G97 

The Presbyterian Church and the Filipino 

Princeton Theological Seminary-Speer Library 

1 1012 00037 6352